<<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.26 - 16 Dec 2009 - MarkCrowley)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 1064 to 1064

Deleted:
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<

[[rolex replica]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-handbags/][replica][handbags]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-jersey/][replica][jersey]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-watches/][replica][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/designer-replicas/][designer][replicas]]]] [[replicas]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/casio-watches/][casio][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/fossil-watches/][fossil][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/gucci-watches/][gucci][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/invicta-watches/][invicta][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-watches/][omega][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/seiko-watches/][seiko][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/swiss-watcheses/][swiss][watcheses]]]] [[watches]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/timex-watches/][timex][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/watches-strap/][watches][strap]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/breitling-watches/][breitling][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/cartier-watches/][cartier][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/nike-watches/][nike][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/wrist-watches/][wrist][watches]]]] breitling?][]] breil?][]] bulova?][]] chronograph?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/acer-ferrari/][acer][ferrari]]]] horloges?][]] invicta?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/coach-knockoff/][coach][knockoff]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/knockoff-handbag/][knockoff][handbag]]]] movado?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/oakley-sunglasses/][oakley][sunglasses]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-seamaster/][omega][seamaster]]]] orologi?][]] panerai?][]] relojes?][]] tissot?][]] [[
][]]

[[rolex replica]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-handbags/][replica][handbags]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-jersey/][replica][jersey]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-watches/][replica][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/designer-replicas/][designer][replicas]]]] [[replicas]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/casio-watches/][casio][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/fossil-watches/][fossil][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/gucci-watches/][gucci][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/invicta-watches/][invicta][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-watches/][omega][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/seiko-watches/][seiko][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/swiss-watcheses/][swiss][watcheses]]]] [[watches]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/timex-watches/][timex][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/watches-strap/][watches][strap]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/breitling-watches/][breitling][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/cartier-watches/][cartier][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/nike-watches/][nike][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/wrist-watches/][wrist][watches]]]] breitling?][]] breil?][]] bulova?][]] chronograph?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/acer-ferrari/][acer][ferrari]]]] horloges?][]] invicta?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/coach-knockoff/][coach][knockoff]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/knockoff-handbag/][knockoff][handbag]]]] movado?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/oakley-sunglasses/][oakley][sunglasses]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-seamaster/][omega][seamaster]]]] orologi?][]] panerai?][]] relojes?][]] tissot?][]] [[
][]]


META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.25 - 03 Mar 2006 - DmitryNPopov?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 1064 to 1064

Added:
>
>

[[rolex replica]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-handbags/][replica][handbags]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-jersey/][replica][jersey]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-watches/][replica][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/designer-replicas/][designer][replicas]]]] [[replicas]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/casio-watches/][casio][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/fossil-watches/][fossil][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/gucci-watches/][gucci][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/invicta-watches/][invicta][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-watches/][omega][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/seiko-watches/][seiko][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/swiss-watcheses/][swiss][watcheses]]]] [[watches]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/timex-watches/][timex][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/watches-strap/][watches][strap]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/breitling-watches/][breitling][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/cartier-watches/][cartier][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/nike-watches/][nike][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/wrist-watches/][wrist][watches]]]] breitling?][]] breil?][]] bulova?][]] chronograph?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/acer-ferrari/][acer][ferrari]]]] horloges?][]] invicta?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/coach-knockoff/][coach][knockoff]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/knockoff-handbag/][knockoff][handbag]]]] movado?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/oakley-sunglasses/][oakley][sunglasses]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-seamaster/][omega][seamaster]]]] orologi?][]] panerai?][]] relojes?][]] tissot?][]] [[
][]]

[[rolex replica]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-handbags/][replica][handbags]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-jersey/][replica][jersey]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/replica-watches/][replica][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/designer-replicas/][designer][replicas]]]] [[replicas]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/casio-watches/][casio][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/fossil-watches/][fossil][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/gucci-watches/][gucci][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/invicta-watches/][invicta][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-watches/][omega][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/seiko-watches/][seiko][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/swiss-watcheses/][swiss][watcheses]]]] [[watches]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/timex-watches/][timex][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/watches-strap/][watches][strap]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/breitling-watches/][breitling][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/cartier-watches/][cartier][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/nike-watches/][nike][watches]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/wrist-watches/][wrist][watches]]]] breitling?][]] breil?][]] bulova?][]] chronograph?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/acer-ferrari/][acer][ferrari]]]] horloges?][]] invicta?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/coach-knockoff/][coach][knockoff]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/knockoff-handbag/][knockoff][handbag]]]] movado?][]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/oakley-sunglasses/][oakley][sunglasses]]]] [[[[http://g.1asphost.com/tissot/omega-seamaster/][omega][seamaster]]]] orologi?][]] panerai?][]] relojes?][]] tissot?][]] [[
][]]


META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.24 - 02 Mar 2006 - DmitryNPopov?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 8 to 8

Overview

Changed:
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The new modular template system offers flexible, easy control over the layout of all TWiki pages. The master template approach groups parts that are shared by several templates - like headers and footers - in a common file. Special variables allow individual layouts to include parts from a master template - variables are mixed with regular HTML markup for template-specific content. Templates are used to define page layout, and also to supply default content for new pages.
>
>
The new modular template system offers flexible, easy control over the layout of all TWiki pages. The master template approach groups parts that are shared by several templates - like headers and footers - in a common file. Special variables allow individual layouts to include parts from a master template - variables are mixed with regular HTML markup for template-specific content. Templates are used to define #HtmlTemplatespage layout, and also to supply #TemplateTopicsdefault content for new pages.

Major changes from the previous template system

Line: 87 to 87

If Web is not specified in the INCLUDE, it defaults to TWiki, and the search to the first type.
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Special variables are used in templates, especially in view, to display meta data.
>
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Special variables are used in templates, especially in view, to display TWikiMetaData#MetaDataRenderingmeta data.

Template Topics

Line: 175 to 175

Templates by Example

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Attached is an example of an oops based template oopsbase.tmpl and an example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl based on the base template. %A% NOTE: This isn't the release version, just a quick, simple demo.
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Attached is an example of an oops based template oopsbase.tmpl and an example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl based on the base template. %A% NOTE: This isn"t the release version, just a quick, simple demo.

Base template oopsbase.tmpl

Line: 250 to 250

%TMPL:END% %TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}% Test topicaction:
Changed:
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[[%WEB%.%TOPIC%][OK]] %TMPL:P{"sep"}% [[%TWIKIWEB%.TWikiRegistration][Register]] %TMPL:END%
>
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[[%WEB%.%TOPIC%OK %TMPL:P{"sep"}% [[%TWIKIWEB%.TWikiRegistrationRegister %TMPL:END%

%TMPL:INCLUDE{"oopsbase"}%
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.23 - 15 Aug 2004 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 59 to 59

HTML Page Templates

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UAIWiki uses HTML template files for all actions, like topic view, edit, and preview. This allows you to change the look and feel of all pages by editing just a few template files.
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TWiki uses HTML template files for all actions, like topic view, edit, and preview. This allows you to change the look and feel of all pages by editing just a few template files.

Changed:
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Templates are in the twiki/templates directory. As an example, twiki/templates/view.tmpl is the template file for the twiki/bin/view script. Templates can be overloaded by individual webs. The following search order applies:
>
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Templates are stored either in the twiki/templates directory or in user topics. As an example, twiki/templates/view.tmpl is the template file for the twiki/bin/view script.

Changed:
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  1. twiki/templates/$webName/$scriptName.tmpl
  2. twiki/templates/$scriptName.tmpl
    • $webName is the name of the web (ex: Main)
    • $scriptName is the script (ex: view).
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HELP Templates can be overloaded by individual webs.

Changed:
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HELP NOTE: TWikiSkins can be defined to overload the standard templates.
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HELP TWikiSkins can overload the standard templates.

TWiki uses the following search order to determine which template to use:

If a skin is specified If no skin is specified
templates/%WEB%/script.skin.tmpl templates/%WEB%/script.tmpl
templates/script.skin.tmpl templates/script.tmpl
data/%WEB%/SkinSkinScriptTemplate.txt data/%WEB%/ScriptTemplate.txt
data/TWiki/SkinSkinScriptTemplate.txt data/TWiki/ScriptTemplate.txt
Legend:
script refers to the script name, e.g view, edit
Script refers to the same, but with the first character capitalized, e.g View
skin refers to the skin name, e.g dragon, pattern
Skin refers to the same, but with the first character capitalized, e.g Dragon
%WEB% refers to the current web

Additionally (and primarily for use in %TMPL:INCLUDE{}%) the template name may be a wiki topic name, specified as Web.Topic, in which case the search is:

If a skin is specified If no skin is specified
templates/web/Web.Topic.skin.tmpl templates/web/Web.Topic.tmpl
templates/Web.Topic.skin.tmpl templates/Web.Topic.tmpl
data/Web/Topic.txt
If Web is not specified in the INCLUDE, it defaults to TWiki, and the search to the first type.

Special variables are used in templates, especially in view, to display meta data.

Line: 149 to 166

templatetopic The name of the template topic, e.g. topic used to copy the initial content
topicparent Sets the parent topic
TopicClassification Assuming the template topic has a form with a field called "TopicClassification", it will set the value of the field
Added:
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contenttype Optional parameter that defines the application type to write into the CGI header. Defaults to text/html. May be used to invoke alternative client applications

anyname Any parameter can passed to the new topic; if the template topic contains %URLPARAM{"anyname"}%, it will be replaced by its value
Line: 252 to 270

  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template was a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contained unresolved %VARIABLES%, but could still be previewed directly in a browser.
Changed:
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-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 25 Apr 2004
>
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-- TWiki:Main.CrawfordCurrie - 30 Jun 2004
-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 15 Aug 2004

-- TWiki:Main.MikeMannix - 14 Sep 2001
-- TWiki:Main.DavidLeBlanc - 11 Mar 2002
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.22 - 25 Apr 2004 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 95 to 95

Variable: Description:
%DATE% Current date, e.g. 02 Sep 2014
Changed:
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%WIKIUSERNAME% User name, e.g. Main.TWikiGuest
>
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%USERNAME% Login name, e.g. jsmith
%WIKINAME% WikiName of user, e.g. JohnSmith
%WIKIUSERNAME% User name, e.g. Main.JohnSmith

%URLPARAM{"name"}% Value of a named URL parameter
%NOP% A no-operation variable that gets removed. Useful to prevent a SEARCH from hitting an edit template topic; also useful to escape a variable like %URLPARAM%NOP%{...}%
%NOP{ ... }% A no-operation text that gets removed. Useful to write-protect an edit template topic, but not the topics based this template topic. See notes below. Example:
%NOP{
   * Set ALLOWTOPICCHANGE = Main.TWikiAdminGroup
}%
Line: 250 to 252

  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template was a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contained unresolved %VARIABLES%, but could still be previewed directly in a browser.
Changed:
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-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 30 Dec 2004
>
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-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 25 Apr 2004

-- TWiki:Main.MikeMannix - 14 Sep 2001
-- TWiki:Main.DavidLeBlanc - 11 Mar 2002
Added:
>
>

META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.21 - 31 Dec 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 117 to 117

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(date format is YYYYxMMxDD)
Line: 130 to 131

<input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate" /> <input type="hidden" name="topicparent" value="%TOPIC%" /> <input type="hidden" name="onlywikiname" value="on" />
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<input type="hidden" name="onlynewtopic" value="on" />

<input type="submit" value="Create" /> (date format is <nop>YYYYxMMxDD) </form>
Line: 141 to 143

Parameter: Description:
topic Name of topic to create. Can be set in a text field, or is set programmatically (e.g. with a sequential number)
onlywikiname If set, TWiki will complain if the topic name is not a WikiWord
Added:
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onlynewtopic If set, TWiki will complain if a topic of the same name already exists

templatetopic The name of the template topic, e.g. topic used to copy the initial content
topicparent Sets the parent topic
TopicClassification Assuming the template topic has a form with a field called "TopicClassification", it will set the value of the field
Line: 247 to 250

  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template was a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contained unresolved %VARIABLES%, but could still be previewed directly in a browser.
Changed:
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-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 16 Dec 2003
>
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-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 30 Dec 2004

-- TWiki:Main.MikeMannix - 14 Sep 2001
-- TWiki:Main.DavidLeBlanc - 11 Mar 2002
META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.20 - 16 Dec 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 135 to 135

</form>
Changed:
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The onlywikiname parameter enforces WikiWords for topic names. The topicparent parameter sets the topic parent to the topic where the form is located.
>
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The edit scipt understands the following parameters, typically supplied by HTML input fields:

Parameter: Description:
topic Name of topic to create. Can be set in a text field, or is set programmatically (e.g. with a sequential number)
onlywikiname If set, TWiki will complain if the topic name is not a WikiWord
templatetopic The name of the template topic, e.g. topic used to copy the initial content
topicparent Sets the parent topic
TopicClassification Assuming the template topic has a form with a field called "TopicClassification", it will set the value of the field
anyname Any parameter can passed to the new topic; if the template topic contains %URLPARAM{"anyname"}%, it will be replaced by its value

TIP TIP: You can use the %WIKIUSERNAME% and %DATE% variables in your topic templates to include the signature of the person creating a new topic. The variables are expanded into fixed text when a new topic is created. The standard signature is:
-- %WIKIUSERNAME% - %DATE%

Line: 237 to 247

  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template was a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contained unresolved %VARIABLES%, but could still be previewed directly in a browser.
Changed:
<
<
-- PeterThoeny - 01 Feb 2003
-- MikeMannix? - 14 Sep 2001
-- TWiki:Main/DavidLeBlanc - 11 Mar 2002
>
>
-- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny - 16 Dec 2003
-- TWiki:Main.MikeMannix - 14 Sep 2001
-- TWiki:Main.DavidLeBlanc - 11 Mar 2002

META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.19 - 02 Apr 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 115 to 115

  • New example topic:
Added:
>
>

(date format is YYYYxMMxDD)
Line: 126 to 128

  • New example topic: <input type="text" name="topic" value="ExampleTopic%SERVERTIME{$yearx$mox$day}%" size="23" /> <input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate" />
Added:
>
>
<input type="hidden" name="topicparent" value="%TOPIC%" />

<input type="hidden" name="onlywikiname" value="on" /> <input type="submit" value="Create" /> (date format is <nop>YYYYxMMxDD) </form>
Changed:
<
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The onlywikiname parameter enforces WikiWords for topic names.
>
>
The onlywikiname parameter enforces WikiWords for topic names. The topicparent parameter sets the topic parent to the topic where the form is located.

TIP TIP: You can use the %WIKIUSERNAME% and %DATE% variables in your topic templates to include the signature of the person creating a new topic. The variables are expanded into fixed text when a new topic is created. The standard signature is:
-- %WIKIUSERNAME% - %DATE%

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.18 - 01 Feb 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 88 to 88

  1. WebTopicEditTemplate in the current web
  2. WebTopicEditTemplate in the TWiki web
Added:
>
>

Edit Template Topics and Variable Expansion

The following variables get expanded when a user creates a new topic based on a template topic:

Variable: Description:
%DATE% Current date, e.g. 02 Sep 2014
%WIKIUSERNAME% User name, e.g. Main.TWikiGuest
%URLPARAM{"name"}% Value of a named URL parameter
%NOP% A no-operation variable that gets removed. Useful to prevent a SEARCH from hitting an edit template topic; also useful to escape a variable like %URLPARAM%NOP%{...}%
%NOP{ ... }% A no-operation text that gets removed. Useful to write-protect an edit template topic, but not the topics based this template topic. See notes below. Example:
%NOP{
   * Set ALLOWTOPICCHANGE = Main.TWikiAdminGroup
}%

Notes:

  • Unlike other variables, %NOP{ ... }% can span multiple lines.
  • The scan for the closing }% pattern is "non-greedy", that is, it stops at the first occurance. That means, you need to escape variables with parameters located inside %NOP{ ... }%: Insert a %NOP% between } and %. Silly example: %NOP{ %GMTIME{"$year"}%NOP%% }%.

All other variables are unchanged, e.g. are carried over "as is" into the new topic.


Template Topics in Action

Here is an example for creating new topics based on a specific template topic:

Line: 215 to 234

  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template was a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contained unresolved %VARIABLES%, but could still be previewed directly in a browser.
Changed:
<
<
-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
>
>
-- PeterThoeny - 01 Feb 2003

-- MikeMannix? - 14 Sep 2001
-- TWiki:Main/DavidLeBlanc - 11 Mar 2002
META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.17 - 08 Jan 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 92 to 92

Here is an example for creating new topics based on a specific template topic:

Changed:
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>
>

  • New example topic:
Line: 103 to 103

The above form asks for a topic name. A hidden input tag named templatetopic specifies ExampleTopicTemplate as the template topic to use. Here is the HTML source of the form:



Changed:
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<
<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%URLENCODE{"%WEB%"}%/">
>
>
<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%INTURLENCODE{"%WEB%"}%/">

  • New example topic: <input type="text" name="topic" value="ExampleTopic%SERVERTIME{$yearx$mox$day}%" size="23" /> <input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate" />
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.16 - 05 Jan 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 92 to 92

Here is an example for creating new topics based on a specific template topic:

Changed:
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<
>
>

  • New example topic:
Line: 103 to 103

The above form asks for a topic name. A hidden input tag named templatetopic specifies ExampleTopicTemplate as the template topic to use. Here is the HTML source of the form:



Changed:
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<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%WEBURLENCODED%/">
>
>
<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%URLENCODE{"%WEB%"}%/">

  • New example topic: <input type="text" name="topic" value="ExampleTopic%SERVERTIME{$yearx$mox$day}%" size="23" /> <input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate" />
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.15 - 05 Jan 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 92 to 92

Here is an example for creating new topics based on a specific template topic:

Changed:
<
<
>
>

  • New example topic:
Line: 103 to 103

The above form asks for a topic name. A hidden input tag named templatetopic specifies ExampleTopicTemplate as the template topic to use. Here is the HTML source of the form:



Changed:
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<
<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%WEB%/">
>
>
<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%WEBURLENCODED%/">

  • New example topic: <input type="text" name="topic" value="ExampleTopic%SERVERTIME{$yearx$mox$day}%" size="23" /> <input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate" />
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.14 - 04 Jan 2003 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
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  • defines common variables, like a standard separator (ex: "|"), in the base template;
  • defines variable text in the individual templates and passes it back to the base template.
Added:
>
>

How Template Variables Work

  • Special template directives (or preprocessor commands) are embedded in normal templates.
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.13 - 20 Dec 2002 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
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Overview

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The new modular template system offers flexible, easy control over the layout of all TWiki pages. The master template approach groups parts that are shared by several templates - like headers and footers - in a common file. Special variables allow individual layouts to include parts from a master template - variables are mixed with regular HTML mark-up for template-specific content. Templates are used to define page layout, and also to supplydefault content for new pages.
>
>
The new modular template system offers flexible, easy control over the layout of all TWiki pages. The master template approach groups parts that are shared by several templates - like headers and footers - in a common file. Special variables allow individual layouts to include parts from a master template - variables are mixed with regular HTML markup for template-specific content. Templates are used to define page layout, and also to supply default content for new pages.

Major changes from the previous template system

Line: 18 to 18

  • defines common variables, like a standard separator (ex: "|"), in the base template;
  • defines variable text in the individual templates and passes it back to the base template.
Changed:
<
<

Functional Specifications

>
>

How Template Variables Work


  • Special template directives (or preprocessor commands) are embedded in normal templates.
Deleted:
<
<
  • Use of template directives is optional, templates work without them.

  • All template preprocessing is done in &TWiki::Store::readTemplate() so that the caller simply gets an expanded template file (the same as before).
Changed:
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  • Directives are of the form %TMPL:<key>% and %TMPL:<key>{"attr"}%.
>
>
  • Directives are of the form %TMPL:<key>% and %TMPL:<key>{"attr"}%.

  • Directives:
Changed:
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<
    • %TMPL:INCLUDE{"file"}%: Includes a template file. The template directory of the current web is searched first, then the templates root (twiki/templates).
    • %TMPL:DEF{"var"}%: Define a variable. Text between this and the END directive is not returned, but put into a hash for later use.
    • %TMPL:END%: Ends variable definition.
    • %TMPL:P{"var"}%: Prints a previously defined variable.
  • Variables are live in a global name space, there is no parameter passing.
  • Two-pass processing, so that you can use a variable before declaring it or after.
  • Templates and TWikiSkins work transparently and interchangeably. For example, you can create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, like twiki.print.tmpl, that redefines the header and footer.
  • NOTE: The template directives work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.
>
>
    • %TMPL:INCLUDE{"file"}%: Includes a template file. The template directory of the current web is searched first, then the templates root (twiki/templates).
    • %TMPL:DEF{"var"}%: Define a variable. Text between this and the END directive is not returned, but put into a hash for later use.
    • %TMPL:END%: Ends variable definition.
    • %TMPL:P{"var"}%: Prints a previously defined variable.
  • Variables live in a global name space: there is no parameter passing.
  • Two-pass processing lets you use a variable before or after declaring it.
  • Templates and TWikiSkins work transparently and interchangeably. For example, you can create a skin that overloads only the twiki.tmpl master template, like twiki.print.tmpl, that redefines the header and footer.
  • HELP Use of template directives is optional: templates work without them.
  • ALERT! NOTE: Template directives work only for templates: they do not get processed in topic text.

Changed:
<
<

TWiki Master Template

>
>

Types of Template

There are three types of template:

  • Master Template: Stores common parts; included by other templates
  • HTML Page Templates: Defines the layout of UAIWiki pages
  • Template Topics: Defines default text when you create a new topic

Master Templates


Changed:
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All common parts are defined in a master template, twiki.tmpl, that all other templates use.
>
>
Common parts, appearing in two or more templates, can be defined in a master template and then shared by others: twiki.tmpl is the default master template.

Template variable: Defines:
%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% "|" separator
%TMPL:DEF{"htmldoctype"}% Start of all HTML pages
Changed:
<
<
%TMPL:DEF{"standardheader"}% Standard header (ex: view, index, seach)
>
>
%TMPL:DEF{"standardheader"}% Standard header (ex: view, index, search)

%TMPL:DEF{"simpleheader"}% Simple header with reduced links (ex: edit, attach, oops)
%TMPL:DEF{"standardfooter"}% Footer, excluding revision and copyright parts
%TMPL:DEF{"oops"}% Skeleton of oops dialog
Deleted:
<
<

Types of Template

There are two types of templates:

  • HTML Page Templates: Defines layout of UAIWiki pages
  • Template Topics: Defines default text when you create a new topic

HTML Page Templates

Changed:
<
<
UAIWiki uses HTML template files for all actions like topic view, edit, preview and so on. This allows you to change the look and feel of all pages by editing just some template files.
>
>
UAIWiki uses HTML template files for all actions, like topic view, edit, and preview. This allows you to change the look and feel of all pages by editing just a few template files.

Changed:
<
<
The template files are in the twiki/templates directory. As an example, twiki/templates/view.tmpl is the template file for the twiki/bin/view script. Templates can be overloaded per web. The following search order applies:
>
>
Templates are in the twiki/templates directory. As an example, twiki/templates/view.tmpl is the template file for the twiki/bin/view script. Templates can be overloaded by individual webs. The following search order applies:

  1. twiki/templates/$webName/$scriptName.tmpl
  2. twiki/templates/$scriptName.tmpl
Added:
>
>
    • $webName is the name of the web (ex: Main)
    • $scriptName is the script (ex: view).

Changed:
<
<
Note: $webName is the name of the web (ex: Main), and $scriptName is the script (ex: view).

Note: TWikiSkins can be defined to overload the standard templates.

>
>
HELP NOTE: TWikiSkins can be defined to overload the standard templates.

Special variables are used in templates, especially in view, to display meta data.

Template Topics

Changed:
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Template topics define the default text for new topics. There are three types of template topics:
>
>
Template topics define the default text for new topics. There are three types of template topic:

Topic Name: What it is:
Changed:
<
<
WebTopicViewTemplate Help text shown when you view a non existing topic.
WebTopicNonWikiTemplate Help text shown when you view a non existing topic that has not a WikiName.
>
>
WebTopicViewTemplate Error page shown when you try to view a nonexistent topic
WebTopicNonWikiTemplate Alert page shown when you try to view a nonexistent topic with a non-WikiName

WebTopicEditTemplate Default text shown when you create a new topic.
Changed:
<
<
All template topics are located in the TWiki web. The WebTopicEditTemplate can be overloaded. The following search order applies when you create a new topic:
>
>
All template topics are located in the TWiki web. The WebTopicEditTemplate can be overloaded. When you create a new topic, TWiki locates a topic to use as a content template according to the following search order:

Changed:
<
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  1. The topic name specified by the templatetopic CGI parameter.
  2. WebTopicEditTemplate in the current web.
  3. WebTopicEditTemplate in the TWiki web.
>
>
  1. A topic name specified by the templatetopic CGI parameter.
  2. WebTopicEditTemplate in the current web
  3. WebTopicEditTemplate in the TWiki web

Template Topics in Action

Line: 98 to 99

(date format is YYYYxMMxDD)
Changed:
<
<
Above form asks for a topic name. A hidden input tag of name "templatetopic" specifies the ExampleTopicTemplate as the template topic. Here is the HTML source of the form:
>
>
The above form asks for a topic name. A hidden input tag named templatetopic specifies ExampleTopicTemplate as the template topic to use. Here is the HTML source of the form:

<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%WEB%/">
Line: 111 to 112

</form>
Changed:
<
<
The "onlywikiname" parameter enforces WikiWords for topic names.
>
>
The onlywikiname parameter enforces WikiWords for topic names.

Changed:
<
<
Note: Use can use the %WIKIUSERNAME% and %DATE% variables in your topic templates as the signature; those variables are expanded when a new topic is created. The standard topic signature is:
-- %WIKIUSERNAME% - %DATE%
>
>
TIP TIP: You can use the %WIKIUSERNAME% and %DATE% variables in your topic templates to include the signature of the person creating a new topic. The variables are expanded into fixed text when a new topic is created. The standard signature is:
-- %WIKIUSERNAME% - %DATE%

Templates by Example

Changed:
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Attached is an example of an oops base template oopsbase.tmpl and a example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl which is based on the base template. NOTE: This isn't the release version, just a quick, simple demo.
>
>
Attached is an example of an oops based template oopsbase.tmpl and an example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl based on the base template. %A% NOTE: This isn't the release version, just a quick, simple demo.

Base template oopsbase.tmpl

Changed:
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The first line declares the delimiter variable called "sep", used to separate multiple link items. The variable can be called anywhere by writing %TMPL:P{"sep"}%
>
>
The first line declares a delimiter variable called "sep", used to separate multiple link items. The variable can be called anywhere by writing %TMPL:P{"sep"}%

Line: 205 to 207

With URL: .../bin/oops/Sandbox/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify

Changed:
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testscreen.gif
>
>
testscreen.gif

Known Issues

Changed:
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  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template is a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contains unresolved %VARIABLES%, but can still be previewed directly in a browser.
>
>
  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template was a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contained unresolved %VARIABLES%, but could still be previewed directly in a browser.

-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
-- MikeMannix? - 14 Sep 2001

Added:
>
>
-- TWiki:Main/DavidLeBlanc - 11 Mar 2002

META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.12 - 18 Jul 2002 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 202 to 202

Sample screen shot of oopstest.tmpl

Changed:
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With URL: .../bin/oops/Test/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify
>
>
With URL: .../bin/oops/Sandbox/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify

Changed:
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testscreen.gif
>
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testscreen.gif

Known Issues

Line: 214 to 214

-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
-- MikeMannix? - 14 Sep 2001

Changed:
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META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="999598142" path="C:\02_TWikiDocs\testscreen.gif" size="9460" user="MikeMannix" version="1.1"
>
>
META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="1026977240" path="C:\Data\Temp\testscreen.gif" size="9566" user="PeterThoeny" version="1.2"

META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.11 - 04 Dec 2001 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
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With URL: .../bin/oops/Test/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify

Changed:
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testscreen.gif
>
>
testscreen.gif

Known Issues

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.10 - 18 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 8 to 8

Overview

Changed:
<
<
The new modular template system offers flexible, easy control over the layout of all TWiki pages. The master template approach groups parts that are shared by several templates - like headers and footers - in a common file. Special variables allow individual layouts to include parts from a master template - variables are mixed with regular HTML mark-up for template-specific content.
>
>
The new modular template system offers flexible, easy control over the layout of all TWiki pages. The master template approach groups parts that are shared by several templates - like headers and footers - in a common file. Special variables allow individual layouts to include parts from a master template - variables are mixed with regular HTML mark-up for template-specific content. Templates are used to define page layout, and also to supplydefault content for new pages.

Major changes from the previous template system

Line: 54 to 54

  • HTML Page Templates: Defines layout of UAIWiki pages
  • Template Topics: Defines default text when you create a new topic
Added:
>
>

HTML Page Templates

UAIWiki uses HTML template files for all actions like topic view, edit, preview and so on. This allows you to change the look and feel of all pages by editing just some template files.

Line: 69 to 70

Special variables are used in templates, especially in view, to display meta data.

Added:
>
>

Template Topics

Template topics define the default text for new topics. There are three types of template topics:

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.9 - 16 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Changed:
<
<

TWiki Template System

>
>

TWiki Templates


Definition of the templates used to render all HTML pages displayed in TWiki

Overview

Changed:
<
<
The new modular template system is more flexible, efficient, and easily updated than the old set-up, where each template is a complete HTML file. The new master template approach places common templates parts, like headers and footers, in one shared file. This simplifies the conversion of templates into XHTML format, and provides a more versatile solution for templates and for TWikiSkins.
>
>
The new modular template system offers flexible, easy control over the layout of all TWiki pages. The master template approach groups parts that are shared by several templates - like headers and footers - in a common file. Special variables allow individual layouts to include parts from a master template - variables are mixed with regular HTML mark-up for template-specific content.

Major changes from the previous template system

Changed:
<
<
The main difference is that templates are now defined using variables to include template parts. You change one stored instance of a common element to update all occurrences. The new system:
>
>
Where the old templates were each complete HTML documents, the new templates are defined using variables to include template parts from a master file. You can now change one instance of a common element to update all occurrences; previously, every affected template had to be updated. This simplifies the conversion of templates into XHTML format, and provides a more versatile solution for templates and for TWikiSkins. The new system:

  • separates a set of common template parts into a base template that is included by all of the related templates;
Deleted:
<
<


  • defines common variables, like a standard separator (ex: "|"), in the base template;
Deleted:
<
<


  • defines variable text in the individual templates and passes it back to the base template.

Functional Specifications

Line: 34 to 32

  • Variables are live in a global name space, there is no parameter passing.
  • Two-pass processing, so that you can use a variable before declaring it or after.
  • Templates and TWikiSkins work transparently and interchangeably. For example, you can create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, like twiki.print.tmpl, that redefines the header and footer.
Changed:
<
<
  • Note: The template directives work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.
>
>
  • NOTE: The template directives work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.

TWiki Master Template

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.8 - 15 Sep 2001 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 48 to 48

%TMPL:DEF{"standardfooter"}% Footer, excluding revision and copyright parts
%TMPL:DEF{"oops"}% Skeleton of oops dialog
Added:
>
>

Types of Template

Added:
>
>

There are two types of templates:

  • HTML Page Templates: Defines layout of UAIWiki pages
Line: 80 to 82

All template topics are located in the TWiki web. The WebTopicEditTemplate can be overloaded. The following search order applies when you create a new topic:
Changed:
<
<
  1. The topic name specified by the templatetopic parameter.
>
>
  1. The topic name specified by the templatetopic CGI parameter.

  1. WebTopicEditTemplate in the current web.
  2. WebTopicEditTemplate in the TWiki web.
Line: 90 to 92

  • New example topic:
Changed:
<
<
(date format is YYYYMMDD)
>
>
(date format is YYYYxMMxDD)

Above form asks for a topic name. A hidden input tag of name "templatetopic" specifies the ExampleTopicTemplate as the template topic. Here is the HTML source of the form:

Line: 100 to 103

<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%WEB%/">
   * New example topic: 
Changed:
<
<
<input type="text" name="topic" value="ExampleTopic%SERVERTIME{$year$mo$day}%" size="22"> <input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate"> <input type="hidden" name="onlywikiname" value="on"> <input type="submit" value="Create"> (date format is YYYYMMDD)
>
>
<input type="text" name="topic" value="ExampleTopic%SERVERTIME{$yearx$mox$day}%" size="23" /> <input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate" /> <input type="hidden" name="onlywikiname" value="on" /> <input type="submit" value="Create" /> (date format is <nop>YYYYxMMxDD)

</form>
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.7 - 15 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 63 to 63

  1. twiki/templates/$webName/$scriptName.tmpl
  2. twiki/templates/$scriptName.tmpl
Changed:
<
<
Note: $webName is the name of the web ( i.e. Main ), and $scriptName is the script ( i.e. view ).
>
>
Note: $webName is the name of the web (ex: Main), and $scriptName is the script (ex: view).

Note: TWikiSkins can be defined to overload the standard templates.

Changed:
<
<
Some special variables are used in templates ( especially view ) to show meta data - see Meta Data Rendering
>
>
Special variables are used in templates, especially in view, to display meta data.

Template Topics

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.6 - 15 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 36 to 36

  • Templates and TWikiSkins work transparently and interchangeably. For example, you can create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, like twiki.print.tmpl, that redefines the header and footer.
  • Note: The template directives work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.
Changed:
<
<

New Template System by Example

>
>

TWiki Master Template

All common parts are defined in a master template, twiki.tmpl, that all other templates use.

Template variable: Defines:
%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% "|" separator
%TMPL:DEF{"htmldoctype"}% Start of all HTML pages
%TMPL:DEF{"standardheader"}% Standard header (ex: view, index, seach)
%TMPL:DEF{"simpleheader"}% Simple header with reduced links (ex: edit, attach, oops)
%TMPL:DEF{"standardfooter"}% Footer, excluding revision and copyright parts
%TMPL:DEF{"oops"}% Skeleton of oops dialog

Types of Template

There are two types of templates:

  • HTML Page Templates: Defines layout of UAIWiki pages
  • Template Topics: Defines default text when you create a new topic

HTML Page Templates

UAIWiki uses HTML template files for all actions like topic view, edit, preview and so on. This allows you to change the look and feel of all pages by editing just some template files.

The template files are in the twiki/templates directory. As an example, twiki/templates/view.tmpl is the template file for the twiki/bin/view script. Templates can be overloaded per web. The following search order applies:

  1. twiki/templates/$webName/$scriptName.tmpl
  2. twiki/templates/$scriptName.tmpl

Note: $webName is the name of the web ( i.e. Main ), and $scriptName is the script ( i.e. view ).

Note: TWikiSkins can be defined to overload the standard templates.

Some special variables are used in templates ( especially view ) to show meta data - see Meta Data Rendering

Template Topics

Template topics define the default text for new topics. There are three types of template topics:

Topic Name: What it is:
WebTopicViewTemplate Help text shown when you view a non existing topic.
WebTopicNonWikiTemplate Help text shown when you view a non existing topic that has not a WikiName.
WebTopicEditTemplate Default text shown when you create a new topic.
All template topics are located in the TWiki web. The WebTopicEditTemplate can be overloaded. The following search order applies when you create a new topic:

  1. The topic name specified by the templatetopic parameter.
  2. WebTopicEditTemplate in the current web.
  3. WebTopicEditTemplate in the TWiki web.

Template Topics in Action

Here is an example for creating new topics based on a specific template topic:

  • New example topic: (date format is YYYYMMDD)

Above form asks for a topic name. A hidden input tag of name "templatetopic" specifies the ExampleTopicTemplate as the template topic. Here is the HTML source of the form:

<form name="new" action="%SCRIPTURLPATH%/edit%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%WEB%/">
   * New example topic: 
     <input type="text" name="topic" value="ExampleTopic%SERVERTIME{$year$mo$day}%" size="22">
     <input type="hidden" name="templatetopic" value="ExampleTopicTemplate">
     <input type="hidden" name="onlywikiname" value="on">
     <input type="submit" value="Create"> (date format is YYYYMMDD)
</form>

The "onlywikiname" parameter enforces WikiWords for topic names.

Note: Use can use the %WIKIUSERNAME% and %DATE% variables in your topic templates as the signature; those variables are expanded when a new topic is created. The standard topic signature is:
-- %WIKIUSERNAME% - %DATE%

Templates by Example


Attached is an example of an oops base template oopsbase.tmpl and a example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl which is based on the base template. NOTE: This isn't the release version, just a quick, simple demo.

Line: 44 to 119

The first line declares the delimiter variable called "sep", used to separate multiple link items. The variable can be called anywhere by writing %TMPL:P{"sep"}%

Changed:
<
<
>
>

%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% | %TMPL:END%
Line: 90 to 165

Deleted:
<
<

Test template oopstest.tmpl

Each oops template basically just defines some variables and includes the base template that does the layout work.

Changed:
<
<
>
>

%TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (test =titleaction=) %TMPL:END%
Line: 126 to 200

With URL: .../bin/oops/Test/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify

Changed:
<
<
>
>

testscreen.gif
Deleted:
<
<

TWiki master template

All common template parts are defined in one master template, twiki.tmpl, that all other templates include.

Template variable: Defines:
%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% "|" separator
%TMPL:DEF{"htmldoctype"}% Start of all HTML pages
%TMPL:DEF{"standardheader"}% Standard header (ex: view, index, seach)
%TMPL:DEF{"simpleheader"}% Simple header with reduced links (ex: edit, attach, oops)
%TMPL:DEF{"standardfooter"}% Footer, excluding revision and copyright parts
%TMPL:DEF{"oops"}% Skeleton of oops dialog

Example: oopspreview.tmpl template
%TMPL:INCLUDE{"twiki"}%
%TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (oops) %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"webaction"}% *Attention* %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"heading"}% Topic is not saved yet %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"message"}% Please go back in your browser and save the topic. %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}%
%TMPL:END%
%TMPL:P{"oops"}%

Known Issues

  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template is a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contains unresolved %VARIABLES%, but can still be previewed directly in a browser.
Changed:
<
<
-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
-- MikeMannix? - 30 Aug 2001
>
>
-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
-- MikeMannix? - 14 Sep 2001

META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="999598142" path="C:\02_TWikiDocs\testscreen.gif" size="9460" user="MikeMannix" version="1.1"
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.5 - 14 Sep 2001 - PeterThoeny)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 8 to 8

Overview

Changed:
<
<
The new modular template system is more flexible, efficient, and easily updated than the old set-up, where each template is a complete HTML file. The new master template approach places common templates parts, like headers and footers, in one shared file. This simplifies the conversion of templates into XHTML format, and provides a more versatile solution for templates and for skins.
>
>
The new modular template system is more flexible, efficient, and easily updated than the old set-up, where each template is a complete HTML file. The new master template approach places common templates parts, like headers and footers, in one shared file. This simplifies the conversion of templates into XHTML format, and provides a more versatile solution for templates and for TWikiSkins.

Major changes from the previous template system

Line: 26 to 26

  • Use of template directives is optional, templates work without them.
  • All template preprocessing is done in &TWiki::Store::readTemplate() so that the caller simply gets an expanded template file (the same as before).
  • Directives are of the form %TMPL:<key>% and %TMPL:<key>{"attr"}%.
Changed:
<
<
  • Initial set of directives:
    • %TMPL:INCLUDE{"file"}%: Includes a template file. The usual search path is applied.
>
>
  • Directives:
    • %TMPL:INCLUDE{"file"}%: Includes a template file. The template directory of the current web is searched first, then the templates root (twiki/templates).

    • %TMPL:DEF{"var"}%: Define a variable. Text between this and the END directive is not returned, but put into a hash for later use.
    • %TMPL:END%: Ends variable definition.
    • %TMPL:P{"var"}%: Prints a previously defined variable.
Deleted:
<
<
  • New directives can be added over time when needed, ex: IF-THEN-ELSE.

  • Variables are live in a global name space, there is no parameter passing.
  • Two-pass processing, so that you can use a variable before declaring it or after.
Changed:
<
<
  • Templates and skins work transparently and interchangeably. For example, you can create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, like twiki.print.tmpl, that redefines the header and footer.
>
>
  • Templates and TWikiSkins work transparently and interchangeably. For example, you can create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, like twiki.print.tmpl, that redefines the header and footer.

  • Note: The template directives work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.

New Template System by Example

Line: 45 to 44

The first line declares the delimiter variable called "sep", used to separate multiple link items. The variable can be called anywhere by writing %TMPL:P{"sep"}%

Deleted:
<
<
NOTE: Added a dot to escape rendering of variables, i.e. read %.WEB% as %WEB%.

Added:
>
>



Changed:
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<table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1"> <tr><td> <verbatim> %.TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% | %.TMPL:END%
>
>
%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% | %TMPL:END%

<html> <head>
Changed:
<
<
<title> %.WIKITOOLNAME% . %.WEB% . %.TOPIC% %.TMPL:P{"titleaction"}%</title> <base href="%.SCRIPTURL%/view%.SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%.WEB%/%.TOPIC%">
>
>
<title> %WIKITOOLNAME% . %WEB% . %TOPIC% %.TMPL:P{"titleaction"}%</title> <base href="%SCRIPTURL%/view%SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%WEB%/%TOPIC%">

<meta name="robots" content="noindex"> </head> <body bgcolor="#FFFFFF"> <table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0"> <tr>
Changed:
<
<
<td bgcolor="%.WEBBGCOLOR%" rowspan="2" valign="top" width="1%"> <a href="%.WIKIHOMEURL%"> <img src="%.PUBURLPATH%/wikiHome.gif" border="0"></a>
>
>
<td bgcolor="%WEBBGCOLOR%" rowspan="2" valign="top" width="1%"> <a href="%WIKIHOMEURL%"> <img src="%PUBURLPATH%/wikiHome.gif" border="0"></a>

</td> <td>
Changed:
<
<
<b>%.WIKITOOLNAME% . %.WEB% . </b><font size="+2"> <B>%.TOPIC%</b> %.TMPL:P{"titleaction"}%</font>
>
>
<b>%WIKITOOLNAME% . %WEB% . </b><font size="+2"> <B>%TOPIC%</b> %TMPL:P{"titleaction"}%</font>

</td> </tr>
Changed:
<
<
<tr bgcolor="%.WEBBGCOLOR%">
>
>
<tr bgcolor="%WEBBGCOLOR%">

<td colspan="2">
Changed:
<
<
%.TMPL:P{"webaction"}%
>
>
%TMPL:P{"webaction"}%

</td> </tr> </table>
Changed:
<
<

++ %.TMPL:P{"heading"}% %.TMPL:P{"message"}%
>
>

++ %TMPL:P{"heading"}% %TMPL:P{"message"}%

<table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">
Changed:
<
<
<tr bgcolor="%.WEBBGCOLOR%">
>
>
<tr bgcolor="%WEBBGCOLOR%">

<td valign="top">
Changed:
<
<
Topic <b>TWikiTemplates</b> . { %.TMPL:P{"topicaction"}%
>
>
Topic <b>%TOPIC%</b> . { %TMPL:P{"topicaction"}%

} </td> </tr> </table> </body>
Deleted:
<
<
</verbatim> </td></tr> </table >

Added:
>
>

Line: 103 to 98

Changed:
<
<
%.TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (test =titleaction=) %.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:DEF{"webaction"}% test =webaction= %.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:DEF{"heading"}%
Test heading %.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:DEF{"message"}%
>
>
%TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (test =titleaction=) %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"webaction"}% test =webaction= %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"heading"}%
Test heading %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"message"}%

Test message. Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah...

  • Some more blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah...
Changed:
<
<
  • Param1: %PARAM1%
  • Param2: %PARAM2%
  • Param3: %PARAM3%
  • Param4: %PARAM4%
%.TMPL:END% %.TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}%
>
>
  • Param1: %PARAM1%
  • Param2: %PARAM2%
  • Param3: %PARAM3%
  • Param4: %PARAM4%
%TMPL:END% %TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}%

Test topicaction:
Changed:
<
<
OK? %.TMPL:P{"sep"}% Register? %.TMPL:END% %.TMPL:INCLUDE{"oopsbase"}%
>
>
[[%WEB%.%TOPIC%][OK]] %TMPL:P{"sep"}% [[%TWIKIWEB%.TWikiRegistration][Register]] %TMPL:END% %TMPL:INCLUDE{"oopsbase"}%

Line: 135 to 130

testscreen.gif
Added:
>
>

TWiki master template


All common template parts are defined in one master template, twiki.tmpl, that all other templates include.

Template variable: Defines:
Line: 146 to 143

%TMPL:DEF{"oops"}% Skeleton of oops dialog

Changed:
<
<
Example: preview.tmpl template
>
>
Example: oopspreview.tmpl template

%TMPL:INCLUDE{"twiki"}%
%TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (oops) %TMPL:END%
Line: 163 to 160

  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template is a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contains unresolved %VARIABLES%, but can still be previewed directly in a browser.
Changed:
<
<
-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
>
>
-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001

-- MikeMannix? - 30 Aug 2001
META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="999598142" path="C:\02_TWikiDocs\testscreen.gif" size="9460" user="MikeMannix" version="1.1"
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.4 - 12 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Line: 166 to 166

-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
-- MikeMannix? - 30 Aug 2001
META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="999598142" path="C:\02_TWikiDocs\testscreen.gif" size="9460" user="MikeMannix" version="1.1"
Added:
>
>
META TOPICMOVED MikeMannix? date="1000277381" from="TWiki.TWikiTemplateSystem" to="TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.3 - 08 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome
Deleted:
<
<

new topic for the final doc

Slightly edited down, but waiting for new docs, hopefully.

see also for ref: orig TWikiTemplatingSystem?


TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Deleted:
<
<

TWiki Template System

Changed:
<
<
Define the templates used to render all HTML pages displayed in TWiki
>
>
Definition of the templates used to render all HTML pages displayed in TWiki

Changed:
<
<

Overview

>
>

Overview


Changed:
<
<
We have a need for more advanced template handling. As JohnTalintyre? pointed out in CommonHeaderFooterTemplate? it makes sense to separate the header and footer into one file so that it can be easily altered (or even overloaded by a skin). Also the oops dialog messages are all identical except for a few variables like heading, and so on.
>
>
The new modular template system is more flexible, efficient, and easily updated than the old set-up, where each template is a complete HTML file. The new master template approach places common templates parts, like headers and footers, in one shared file. This simplifies the conversion of templates into XHTML format, and provides a more versatile solution for templates and for skins.

Changed:
<
<
Using external modules like the TemplateToolkit? would be one way to go, but this will add a lot of baggage to TWiki.
>
>

Major changes from the previous template system


Changed:
<
<

Needs of the TWiki templating system

>
>
The main difference is that templates are now defined using variables to include template parts. You change one stored instance of a common element to update all occurrences. The new system:

Changed:
<
<
  • Separate common parts into one (or more) base template file(s) and include that from other template files like view.tmpl.
  • Define common variables like a "|" separator in the base template and use them in other template files
  • Define variable text in templates (i.e. view.tmpl) and pass them to the base template
>
>
  • separates a set of common template parts into a base template that is included by all of the related templates;

Changed:
<
<

Functional Spec

>
>
  • defines common variables, like a standard separator (ex: "|"), in the base template;

Changed:
<
<
I tried to define a simple but powerful solution that can be extended over time. Here we go:
>
>
  • defines variable text in the individual templates and passes it back to the base template.

Functional Specifications


  • Special template directives (or preprocessor commands) are embedded in normal templates.
  • Use of template directives is optional, templates work without them.
Changed:
<
<
  • All template preprocessing is done in &TWiki::Store::readTemplate() so that the caller simply gets an expanded template file (the same as before)
  • Directives are of form %TMPL:<key>% and %TMPL:<key>{"attr"}%.
>
>
  • All template preprocessing is done in &TWiki::Store::readTemplate() so that the caller simply gets an expanded template file (the same as before).
  • Directives are of the form %TMPL:<key>% and %TMPL:<key>{"attr"}%.

  • Initial set of directives:
    • %TMPL:INCLUDE{"file"}%: Includes a template file. The usual search path is applied.
    • %TMPL:DEF{"var"}%: Define a variable. Text between this and the END directive is not returned, but put into a hash for later use.
    • %TMPL:END%: Ends variable definition.
    • %TMPL:P{"var"}%: Prints a previously defined variable.
Changed:
<
<
  • New directives can be added over time when needed, i.e. IF-THEN-ELSE.
  • Variables live in a global name space, there is no parameter passing.
  • Two pass processing, so that you can use a variable before declaring it or after.
  • Templates and skins work transparently and interchangeably. You could for example define a new skin just for the header & footer and keep the other template files unchanged.
  • Note: The template directive work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.
>
>
  • New directives can be added over time when needed, ex: IF-THEN-ELSE.
  • Variables are live in a global name space, there is no parameter passing.
  • Two-pass processing, so that you can use a variable before declaring it or after.
  • Templates and skins work transparently and interchangeably. For example, you can create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, like twiki.print.tmpl, that redefines the header and footer.
  • Note: The template directives work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.

Changed:
<
<

Examples

>
>

New Template System by Example


Changed:
<
<
Attached is an example of an oops base template oopsbase.tmpl and a example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl which is based on the base template. This is not the version that will go into the release, it is just a quick hack.
>
>
Attached is an example of an oops base template oopsbase.tmpl and a example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl which is based on the base template. NOTE: This isn't the release version, just a quick, simple demo.

Changed:
<
<

Base template oopsbase.tmpl

>
>

Base template oopsbase.tmpl


The first line declares the delimiter variable called "sep", used to separate multiple link items. The variable can be called anywhere by writing %TMPL:P{"sep"}%

Changed:
<
<
Note: Added a dot to escape rendering of variables, i.e. read %.WEB% as %WEB%.
>
>
NOTE: Added a dot to escape rendering of variables, i.e. read %.WEB% as %WEB%.

Added:
>
>

<table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1">
<tr><td>
Line: 99 to 93

</td></tr> </table >
Added:
>
>

Changed:
<
<

Test template oopstest.tmpl

>
>

Test template oopstest.tmpl


Each oops template basically just defines some variables and includes the base template that does the layout work.

Added:
>
>

Line: 129 to 125

Added:
>
>

Changed:
<
<

Sample screen shot of oopstest.tmpl

>
>

Sample screen shot of oopstest.tmpl


With URL: .../bin/oops/Test/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify

Added:
>
>

testscreen.gif
Added:
>
>

Changed:
<
<

Comments and feedback

  • The itching factor to put this into the upcoming release is to easy the pending converstion of the templates into XHTML format and to have a more flexible solution for templates and skins.
  • Is the terminology OK?
  • Is the spec OK?
  • Are there any other directives that are needed urgently?
  • One drawback by using the directives is that you can only test a template from within TWiki. This is because you don't have a text that has a linear flow when you use TMPL:DEF, TMPL:P and TMPL:INCLUDE.

-- PeterThoeny - 21 Jul 2001

  • It's probably more readable to enforce variables being defined before use, which would avoid need for slower two-pass processing.
    • [ PeterThoeny ] You need two-pass processing because you need to define the "|" separator in the included template onone side, and on the other side define variables for the included template. The processing happens as regex in memory, so there is no mesurable speed penalty.
  • It would be nice to simplify the syntax a bit, e.g. not using "" around variable names (they don't really need it, unlike filenames), and not using braces - however, this is not a big deal and there is some merit in keeping consistent with the current TWiki syntax.
    • [ PeterThoeny ] The templating system uses the standard internal TWiki function to parse variable attributes. The "" can be skipped (is possible but is not documented).

Please have a look at the latest templates in the TWikiAlphaRelease?. There is now one master template called twiki.tmpl that all other templates include (well, will include when all done). The idea is to define all common parts of the templates in twiki.tmpl and simply use that from all other templates.

>
>
All common template parts are defined in one master template, twiki.tmpl, that all other templates include.

Template variable: Defines:
Changed:
<
<
%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% %TMPL:END% "|" separator
>
>
%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% "|" separator

%TMPL:DEF{"htmldoctype"}% Start of all HTML pages
Changed:
<
<
%TMPL:DEF{"standardheader"}% Standard header (for view, rdiff, ...
%TMPL:DEF{"simpleheader"}% Simple header with reduced links (for edit, attach, oops,...)
%TMPL:DEF{"standardfooter"}% Footer, excluding revision part and copyright part
>
>
%TMPL:DEF{"standardheader"}% Standard header (ex: view, index, seach)
%TMPL:DEF{"simpleheader"}% Simple header with reduced links (ex: edit, attach, oops)
%TMPL:DEF{"standardfooter"}% Footer, excluding revision and copyright parts

%TMPL:DEF{"oops"}% Skeleton of oops dialog
Changed:
<
<
I.e. the preview.tmpl template is now simply:
>
>
Example: preview.tmpl template

%TMPL:INCLUDE{"twiki"}%
%TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (oops) %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"webaction"}% *Attention* %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"heading"}% Topic is not saved yet %TMPL:END%
Changed:
<
<
%TMPL:DEF{"message"}% Please go back in your browser and save the topic. %TMPL:END% %TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}% %TMPL:END%
>
>
%TMPL:DEF{"message"}% Please go back in your browser and save the topic. %TMPL:END% %TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}% %TMPL:END%

%TMPL:P{"oops"}%
Added:
>
>

Known Issues


Changed:
<
<
With this it should be possible to create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, i.e. a twiki.print.tmpl that redefines the header and footer.
>
>
  • A drawback of referring to a master template is that you can only test a template from within TWiki, where the include variables are resolved. In the previous system, each template is a structurally complete HTML document with a .tmpl filename extension - it contains unresolved %VARIABLES%, but can still be previewed directly in a browser.

-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
-- MikeMannix? - 30 Aug 2001

Deleted:
<
<

META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="999598142" path="C:\02_TWikiDocs\testscreen.gif" size="9460" user="MikeMannix" version="1.1"
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.2 - 07 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)

META TOPICPARENT WebHome

new topic for the final doc

Line: 8 to 8

TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiTemplates"
Changed:
<
<

TWiki Template System

>
>

TWiki Template System


Define the templates used to render all HTML pages displayed in TWiki

Changed:
<
<

Overview

>
>

Overview


We have a need for more advanced template handling. As JohnTalintyre? pointed out in CommonHeaderFooterTemplate? it makes sense to separate the header and footer into one file so that it can be easily altered (or even overloaded by a skin). Also the oops dialog messages are all identical except for a few variables like heading, and so on.

Using external modules like the TemplateToolkit? would be one way to go, but this will add a lot of baggage to TWiki.

Changed:
<
<

Needs of the TWiki templating system

>
>

Needs of the TWiki templating system


  • Separate common parts into one (or more) base template file(s) and include that from other template files like view.tmpl.
  • Define common variables like a "|" separator in the base template and use them in other template files
  • Define variable text in templates (i.e. view.tmpl) and pass them to the base template
Changed:
<
<

Functional Spec

>
>

Functional Spec


I tried to define a simple but powerful solution that can be extended over time. Here we go:

Line: 44 to 44

  • Note: The template directive work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.
Changed:
<
<

Examples

>
>

Examples


Attached is an example of an oops base template oopsbase.tmpl and a example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl which is based on the base template. This is not the version that will go into the release, it is just a quick hack.

Changed:
<
<
Base template oopsbase.tmpl
>
>

Base template oopsbase.tmpl


The first line declares the delimiter variable called "sep", used to separate multiple link items. The variable can be called anywhere by writing %TMPL:P{"sep"}%

Line: 101 to 101

Changed:
<
<
Test template oopstest.tmpl
>
>

Test template oopstest.tmpl


Each oops template basically just defines some variables and includes the base template that does the layout work.

Line: 130 to 130

Changed:
<
<
Sample screen shot of oopstest.tmpl
>
>

Sample screen shot of oopstest.tmpl


With URL: .../bin/oops/Test/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify

testscreen.gif
Changed:
<
<

Comments and feedback

>
>

Comments and feedback


  • The itching factor to put this into the upcoming release is to easy the pending converstion of the templates into XHTML format and to have a more flexible solution for templates and skins.
  • Is the terminology OK?
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiTemplates (r1.1 - 04 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
Line: 1 to 1
Added:
>
>
META TOPICPARENT WebHome

new topic for the final doc

Slightly edited down, but waiting for new docs, hopefully.

see also for ref: orig TWikiTemplatingSystem?

TWiki Template System

Define the templates used to render all HTML pages displayed in TWiki

Overview

We have a need for more advanced template handling. As JohnTalintyre? pointed out in CommonHeaderFooterTemplate? it makes sense to separate the header and footer into one file so that it can be easily altered (or even overloaded by a skin). Also the oops dialog messages are all identical except for a few variables like heading, and so on.

Using external modules like the TemplateToolkit? would be one way to go, but this will add a lot of baggage to TWiki.

Needs of the TWiki templating system

  • Separate common parts into one (or more) base template file(s) and include that from other template files like view.tmpl.
  • Define common variables like a "|" separator in the base template and use them in other template files
  • Define variable text in templates (i.e. view.tmpl) and pass them to the base template

Functional Spec

I tried to define a simple but powerful solution that can be extended over time. Here we go:

  • Special template directives (or preprocessor commands) are embedded in normal templates.
  • Use of template directives is optional, templates work without them.
  • All template preprocessing is done in &TWiki::Store::readTemplate() so that the caller simply gets an expanded template file (the same as before)
  • Directives are of form %TMPL:<key>% and %TMPL:<key>{"attr"}%.
  • Initial set of directives:
    • %TMPL:INCLUDE{"file"}%: Includes a template file. The usual search path is applied.
    • %TMPL:DEF{"var"}%: Define a variable. Text between this and the END directive is not returned, but put into a hash for later use.
    • %TMPL:END%: Ends variable definition.
    • %TMPL:P{"var"}%: Prints a previously defined variable.
  • New directives can be added over time when needed, i.e. IF-THEN-ELSE.
  • Variables live in a global name space, there is no parameter passing.
  • Two pass processing, so that you can use a variable before declaring it or after.
  • Templates and skins work transparently and interchangeably. You could for example define a new skin just for the header & footer and keep the other template files unchanged.
  • Note: The template directive work only for templates, they do not get processed in topic text.

Examples

Attached is an example of an oops base template oopsbase.tmpl and a example oops dialog oopstest.tmpl which is based on the base template. This is not the version that will go into the release, it is just a quick hack.

Base template oopsbase.tmpl

The first line declares the delimiter variable called "sep", used to separate multiple link items. The variable can be called anywhere by writing %TMPL:P{"sep"}%

Note: Added a dot to escape rendering of variables, i.e. read %.WEB% as %WEB%.

<table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1">
<tr><td>
<verbatim>
%.TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% | %.TMPL:END%
<html>
<head>
  <title> %.WIKITOOLNAME% . %.WEB% . %.TOPIC% %.TMPL:P{"titleaction"}%</title>
  <base href="%.SCRIPTURL%/view%.SCRIPTSUFFIX%/%.WEB%/%.TOPIC%">
  <meta name="robots" content="noindex">
</head>
<body bgcolor="#FFFFFF">
<table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">
  <tr>
    <td bgcolor="%.WEBBGCOLOR%" rowspan="2" valign="top" width="1%">
      <a href="%.WIKIHOMEURL%">
      <img src="%.PUBURLPATH%/wikiHome.gif" border="0"></a>
    </td>
    <td>
      <b>%.WIKITOOLNAME% . %.WEB% . </b><font size="+2">
      <B>%.TOPIC%</b> %.TMPL:P{"titleaction"}%</font>
    </td>
  </tr>
  <tr bgcolor="%.WEBBGCOLOR%">
    <td colspan="2">
      %.TMPL:P{"webaction"}%
    </td>
  </tr>
</table>
--- ++ %.TMPL:P{"heading"}%
%.TMPL:P{"message"}%
<table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">
  <tr bgcolor="%.WEBBGCOLOR%">
    <td valign="top">
      Topic <b>TWikiTemplates</b> . {
        %.TMPL:P{"topicaction"}%
      }
    </td>
  </tr>
</table>
</body>
</verbatim>
</td></tr>
</table >

Test template oopstest.tmpl

Each oops template basically just defines some variables and includes the base template that does the layout work.

%.TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (test =titleaction=) %.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:DEF{"webaction"}% test =webaction= %.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:DEF{"heading"}%
Test heading %.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:DEF{"message"}%
Test =message=. Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah...

   * Some more blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah...
   * Param1: %PARAM1%
   * Param2: %PARAM2%
   * Param3: %PARAM3%
   * Param4: %PARAM4%
%.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}%
Test =topicaction=:
[[%.WEB%.%TOPIC%][OK]] %.TMPL:P{"sep"}%
[[%.TWIKIWEB%.TWikiRegistration][Register]] %.TMPL:END%
%.TMPL:INCLUDE{"oopsbase"}%

Sample screen shot of oopstest.tmpl

With URL: .../bin/oops/Test/TestTopic2?template=oopstest&param1=WebHome&param2=WebNotify

testscreen.gif

Comments and feedback

  • The itching factor to put this into the upcoming release is to easy the pending converstion of the templates into XHTML format and to have a more flexible solution for templates and skins.
  • Is the terminology OK?
  • Is the spec OK?
  • Are there any other directives that are needed urgently?
  • One drawback by using the directives is that you can only test a template from within TWiki. This is because you don't have a text that has a linear flow when you use TMPL:DEF, TMPL:P and TMPL:INCLUDE.

-- PeterThoeny - 21 Jul 2001

  • It's probably more readable to enforce variables being defined before use, which would avoid need for slower two-pass processing.
    • [ PeterThoeny ] You need two-pass processing because you need to define the "|" separator in the included template onone side, and on the other side define variables for the included template. The processing happens as regex in memory, so there is no mesurable speed penalty.
  • It would be nice to simplify the syntax a bit, e.g. not using "" around variable names (they don't really need it, unlike filenames), and not using braces - however, this is not a big deal and there is some merit in keeping consistent with the current TWiki syntax.
    • [ PeterThoeny ] The templating system uses the standard internal TWiki function to parse variable attributes. The "" can be skipped (is possible but is not documented).

Please have a look at the latest templates in the TWikiAlphaRelease?. There is now one master template called twiki.tmpl that all other templates include (well, will include when all done). The idea is to define all common parts of the templates in twiki.tmpl and simply use that from all other templates.

Template variable: Defines:
%TMPL:DEF{"sep"}% %TMPL:END% "|" separator
%TMPL:DEF{"htmldoctype"}% Start of all HTML pages
%TMPL:DEF{"standardheader"}% Standard header (for view, rdiff, ...
%TMPL:DEF{"simpleheader"}% Simple header with reduced links (for edit, attach, oops,...)
%TMPL:DEF{"standardfooter"}% Footer, excluding revision part and copyright part
%TMPL:DEF{"oops"}% Skeleton of oops dialog

I.e. the preview.tmpl template is now simply:

%TMPL:INCLUDE{"twiki"}%
%TMPL:DEF{"titleaction"}% (oops) %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"webaction"}% *Attention* %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"heading"}% Topic is not saved yet %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"message"}%
  Please go back in your browser and save the topic. %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:DEF{"topicaction"}% %TMPL:END%
%TMPL:P{"oops"}%

With this it should be possible to create a skin that overloads just the twiki.tmpl, i.e. a twiki.print.tmpl that redefines the header and footer.

-- PeterThoeny - 23 Jul 2001
-- MikeMannix? - 30 Aug 2001

META FILEATTACHMENT testscreen.gif attr="h" comment="Example of oopstest.tmpl rendered" date="999598142" path="C:\02_TWikiDocs\testscreen.gif" size="9460" user="MikeMannix" version="1.1"
Revision r1.1 - 04 Sep 2001 - 10:07 - MikeMannix?
Revision r1.26 - 16 Dec 2009 - 21:00 - MarkCrowley